The best example of this is in Pennsylvania, as long as the votes for each candidate stay within .5%. The requester is required to pay for the recount. The request can only be made under the following circumstances:[115]. Candidates and voters (with regards to ballot measures) may request a recount of absentee/mail-in ballots only if the number of such ballots could change the election outcome. Less than or equal to 0.5% for any candidate election or a statewide ballot measure election. Candidate-requested recounts Nevada does not require automatic recounts. For more information about recount procedures in Vermont, click here. [138] The deadline to request an expedited recount is either 2:00 p.m. on the third day after the election or 2:00 p.m. on the first day after the local canvass, whichever is later.[139]. Supplementary recounts may be requested under the following circumstances: (b) A person who was not entitled to obtain an initial recount ... may obtain a supplementary recount if the partial recount included 50 percent or more but less than 75 percent of the total vote received by all candidates in the race or for the measure, as applicable, as shown by the original election returns, and as a result of the partial recount those grounds are satisfied, except that the percentage factor is two percent rather than 10 percent. "[21] Statewide elections include elections for president, U.S. Senate, statewide ballot measures, state courts, and state executive officials like attorney general. [20], FairVote defined a statewide general election as "any election, whether for an office or a ballot measure, where all citizens of a state, regardless of their residency, had an opportunity to vote for the same candidates or position on issues. [116] For both candidates and voters, the requester is responsible for costs associated with the recount unless the recount changes the election outcome, in which case the costs are refunded. If the margin of victory separating candidates is 50 votes or 1% of the total number of votes cast, whichever is greater, the state covers to cost of the recount. There is no margin required to contest an election. (d) a question submitted to the vote of the people of the state is decided by a margin not exceeding 1/4 of 1% of the total votes cast for and against the question and a petition as set forth in subsection (1)(a) is filed with the secretary of state. An automatic recount might also occur as an outcome of a post-election audit, the specific guidelines for which can be found here. If the results are within the following close vote margins, the state is responsible for costs:[158], In all other instances, the requester is responsible for costs associated with the recount unless the recount changes the outcome of the election, in which case the costs are refunded. If the margin between the winning candidate/position and the losing candidate/position is less than 0.1% of the total votes cast, the state covers the cost of the recount. [103] State law does not specify the procedure in which such a requested recount would take place. For more information about statewide, state legislative, county, and precinct recount procedures in South Dakota, click here. Subscribe to Ballotpedia's 2020 Election Help Desk Newsletter for answers. Washington requires an automatic machine recount under the following circumstances:[153]. Less than or equal to 1% of the votes cast in the particular race for ballot measure or any candidate. The deadline to complete an automatic recount is no later than seven days after that order for state legislative elections and no later than 14 days for statewide elections. Expedited requested recounts: For more information about recount procedures in Nebraska, click here. Privacy Notice Voters may request recounts of ballot questions by meeting certain requirements: Use the following links for more information on Maine's recount procedures for state and county offices, municipal offices, statewide ballot measures, and municipal ballot measures. If a requester pays for a recount and the recount changes the election outcome, the requester is refunded. Arkansas does not require automatic recounts. In all other instances, candidates are responsible for costs associated with the recount. The state covers the cost of the recount under the following circumstances: Voter-requested recounts How do states protect and verify absentee/mail-in ballots? If evidence of wrongdoing is not available, the petitioner is only required to allege fraud or a mistake in the petition without further specification. Florida does not allow requested recounts. What happens if I vote by mail and want to change my ballot at a later date? For statewide offices, a recount request must be accompanied by signatures from at least 1,000 registered voters. This recount shall be made in the entire district in which the candidates are standing for election. [42] If the results of the initial recount show a new margin where a candidate or measure is defeated by less than 0.25% of the total votes cast, a second recount is conducted by hand. [67], This provision does not apply to presidential primary elections. The requester is responsible for costs associated with any requested recount. [32], The municipal Board of Elections shall recount the ballots if the difference between the top 2 candidates is 1/2 of 1% or less than the total votes cast for the office. The requirements in order to request a recount vary by requester and office type. For more information about recount procedures in Oregon, click here. The recount must be completed and the results reported to the appropriate canvassing board within two weeks after the postelection review official received notice from the secretary of state. Whenever the total number of votes tallied (including blank and void votes) for any office or party position, divided by the number of persons to be nominated or elected thereto, or tallied for any ballot proposal, does not exactly equal the number of ballots cast (including blank and void ballots), a recanvass must be made immediately in order to correct the error. Green Party candidate Jill Stein requested a recount of ballots in Wisconsin, Michigan and Pennsylvania — the three Rust Belt states Trump swept in the election. [102] Click here to view the protocols used during such an audit. If the recount changed the results in a precinct by 4% or more in favor of the requester, the cost of the recount in any such precinct is refunded to the requester even if the overall recount did not change the election outcome. The deadline to order such an automatic recount is upon the completion of the canvass for multi-county elections and within seven days after the canvass for single-county elections. An automatic recount also occurs if a partial recount changes an election outcome. An election recount is a process by which votes cast in an election are re-tabulated to verify the accuracy of the original results. New Jersey does not require automatic recounts. For constitutional amendments, the margin must be less than or equal to 1% of the total votes cast in the entire election. Less than or equal to 2% if the combined vote totals for the candidates is between 1,001 and 5,000. Less than or equal to 1% for constitutional amendments or any candidate. [32]. Tie vote. With the White House hanging in the balance, campaign manager Bill Stepien unloaded on what he called “ridiculous public polling used as a voter suppression tactic” and said they would “immediately” request a recount of votes in the Badger State. Not triggered by a close vote margin. Provisions regarding expedited requested recounts apply to offices in which a majority vote is required for nomination or election and where votes were cast for more than two candidates. An automatic recount also occurs if election officials discover irregularities in the election of a candidate. For constitutional amendments and binding referendum questions, the Constitutional Amendment Publication Board may, at its discretion, request a recount if the margin is less than or equal to 0.5% within two business days following the certification of results. [55], Any voter who was qualified to vote and did vote on a constitutional convention or ballot measure may request a recount in those elections. Less than or equal to 2.5% if the combined vote totals for the candidates is 1,000 or less. South Dakota allows candidates and voters to request recounts. [52] In all instances, the requester is responsible for costs associated with the recount. For more information about recount procedures in Rhode Island, click here. The requester is responsible for costs associated with the recount unless the recount changes the outcome of the election, in which case the requester is refunded. These requirements are the same for elections featuring candidates and those regarding statewide ballot measures. The requester is responsible for costs associated with a requested recount unless the recount changes the election outcome, in which case any costs paid are refunded. In all other instances, the requester is responsible for costs associated with the recount unless the recount changes the election outcome or changes the results by 2% or more in favor of the requester, in which case the costs are refunded.[65]. At least 95% of the vote of the winning candidate. The requester is responsible for the costs unless the recount changes the outcome of the election in favor of the requester. The affidavit shall be filed in the same office the candidate filed his application for nomination: A recount will be made if requested in an affidavit signed by twenty-five (25) electors registered in a district voting on the question. Time for notice of nomination, election, or contest for an office recounted pursuant to this section must begin upon certification of the results of the recount by the canvassing board. All requested recounts are paid for by the state. A manual recount is required for narrower margins: A full recount is also automatically required if a requested partial recount changes an election outcome.[154]. Recounts can either occur automatically or be requested by a candidate or voters. The court may order payments to cover the costs of the recount(s).[37]. Here’s what you need to know about the process. Candidates may request a recount under the following circumstances: The deadline to request a recount of these types is no later than seven days after the election. Following Republican nominee Donald Trump's presumed electoral college victory in the United States presidential election of 2016, a group of computer scientists, cyber security experts, and election monitors raised concerns about the integrity of the election results. Iowa does not require automatic recounts. A requester may also receive a refund if the amount paid for the recount is greater than the actual cost of the recount. statewide, county, municipal of office. If the recount changes the outcome of the election, the requester is refunded. Click Show more to learn more about initial recounts. An election official may order a recount if he or she believes ballots in the precinct have been miscounted and there is no explanation as to why the miscounting occurred. Less than 2,000 votes and less than 0.5% of votes cast for statewide ballot measures or any candidate. Less than 2% for candidate elections. This does not apply to state advisory votes or local ballot measures. This petition must be signed by not less than 10 electors of the jurisdiction and must be filed within 5 days after the official canvass. [122] In order to conduct the recount in multiple election districts, requests must be made in each respective district following these guidelines. Two states—Mississippi and Tennessee—did not expressly require automatic recounts or allow candidates or voters to request recounts. The deadline to complete a requested recount is no more than 13 days after the date the recount was ordered.[160]. Any person receiving at least 9 percent of the votes cast in any party's presidential primary may apply for a recount. North Dakota requires an automatic recount under the following circumstances:[108], The order to conduct an automatic recount must be made no later than four days after the canvass of the vote. [119], Election officials may also request recounts, which are paid for by the state. Not triggered by a close vote margin. Less than or equal to the lesser of any of the following: Less than or equal to 0.5% for a candidate or ballot measure. [135] Click Show more to learn more about supplementary recounts. [96] State law does not specify a set deadline for the completion of an automatic recount. [150], The deadline to request a recount for any election other than the election of presidential electors is no later than 10 days after the certification of results. A recount shall occur only after the canvass board certifies the original vote count. Requested recounts of this type are paid for by the state. No margin required for ballot measure elections. In general elections, any candidate may request a recount, with the exception of candidates for the offices of governor, lieutenant governor, the General Assembly, and some municipal offices. Only a full recount can change the election outcome. Do absentee/mail-in ballots take longer to count than in-person ballots? Any candidate may request a recount. In the United States recounts rarely reverse election results. Rhode Island does not require automatic recounts. Perhaps the most famous recount of them all was the 2000 presidential election recount in Florida between George Bush and Al Gore which was ultimately found in Bush’s favor by a margin of just 537 votes with the Supreme Court ruling that the count had to stop by its stated deadline. "[25][26], The relevant state statutes suggest recounts cannot be requested in elections for the U.S. Senate and U.S. Such recount shall thereupon be conducted by the Court at state expense. Voters requesting recounts must do so not more than 15 days after the official canvass.[55]. Less than ten votes when the total number of votes cast for the measure is less than or equal to 400. Second recount ordered in close 2nd District election results Tom Barton , Erin Murphy Nov 11, 2020 New York requires an automatic recount under the following circumstances: Additionally, New York requires a manual audit of at least 3% of each type of voting machine no later than fifteen days after a general or special election, thirteen days after a primary election, and seven days after a village election. President Trump’s re-election campaign will demand a recount of votes in the pivotal state of Wisconsin after it was called for Joe Biden by 20,000 votes. Hawaii does not allow requested recounts. For more information about recount procedures in Alabama, click here. [108], Candidates may request a recount under the following circumstances:[108]. Costs paid by the candidate are refunded if the recount changes the election outcome. [119], Candidates or a political party officer on behalf of a candidate may request a full or partial recount, though recounts for presidential elections must be full recounts. [36], Additionally, a county board of election commissioners may choose to conduct a recount without a request.[36]. US election recount: how it began – and what effect it could have Jill Stein has raised millions of dollars for recounts in three states after election integrity activists flagged concerns. The provision does not extend to the office of State Board of Education, University of Michigan Regent, Michigan State University Trustee or Wayne State University Governor. Recounts typically occur in the event of a close margin of victory, following accusations of election fraud, or due to the possibility of administrative errors. Initial recounts can be requested by candidates or, in some cases, voters in all elections except for those where a majority vote, rather than a plurality, is required and where voters cast votes for more than two candidates. [105], North Carolina allows candidates to request a recount under the following circumstances:[106]. The 2020 election is taking place against a backdrop of uncertainty. For more information about recount procedures in Arkansas, click here. Alaska. South Dakota requires an automatic recount in the event of a tie vote for any office except for school and township elections. For example, in the 2016 election, the campaign of Green Party presidential candidate Jill Stein asked for recounts in Wisconsin, Pennsylvania and Michigan, and had to … The deadline to request such a recount is no later than three days after the canvass of the vote. Click Show more to learn more about expedited recounts. [120], Election officials may be required to conduct an automatic recount in the event of certain discrepancies described here.[121]. Costs are refunded to the requester if the request is rejected, withdrawn in a timely manner, or if the recount changes the election outcome. They do not apply to state advisory votes or local ballot measures. State law does not specify deadlines for the completion of such a requested recount but does indicate that the request may be made after the canvass. New Hampshire does not require automatic recounts. The time period for requesting a recount begins "with the production of the certificate of result and ends 48 hours after the official canvass of county returns. This story has been shared 297,085 times. A candidate may request a recount of his or her race under the following circumstances:[149], The state covers the cost of a recount if the margin between the requester and the winning candidate is less than or equal to 0.5% of the total votes cast for the two candidates. Any person for whom a vote was cast for any nomination of any party at a state primary may apply for a recount, provided that the difference between the votes cast for the applying candidate and a candidate of that party declared nominated is less than 10 votes or less than 1.5 percent of the total ballots cast in the primary for that party in the towns which comprise the office to be recounted. For more information about recount procedures in Wyoming, click here. What happens if there is a tie in the Electoral College? Recounts can happen in races at any level, from local offices up to presidential elections. There is no specified deadline for the completion of requested recounts. If the recount does not change the election outcome, the requester may still receive a refund if the amount paid was greater than the cost of the recount. What happens if someone votes by mail-in ballot or absentee ballot and subsequently passes away before Election Day? In Rhode Island, a candidate can request a recount under the following conditions:[124], In the case of ballot questions, individual voters and/or groups may request a recount under the following conditions:[125], Election officials may request a recount in response to error, irregularities, or improprieties in the conduct of an election.[126][127]. For candidates in elections in which fewer than 501 votes are cast: A recount is triggered if the margin of victory separating the winning candidate from the second-place finisher is less than or equal to 2% of all votes received by the winning candidate. Wyoming allows requested recounts under the following circumstances: In both instances, the requester is responsible for costs associated with the recount unless the recount changes the election outcome, in which case the costs are refunded. [148] There is no set deadline for the competition of a requested recount. For more information about recount procedures in West Virginia, click here. State law does not specify a set deadline for the completion of an automatic recount. Deadline: For offices governed by the state board of election, the deadline to request a recount is 12 p.m. on the second business day after the vote canvass. [32]. [101] Discrepancies discovered during this audit might escalate to the point where a binding automatic recount is required. For more information about recount procedures in Washington, click here. A losing candidate may request a recount if he or she received at least 95% of the vote of the winning candidate. If an initial requested recount was not conducted manually and did not change the election outcome, the requester may ask for a second manual recount. There is no deadline for the completion of a requested recount. Missouri allows defeated candidates and any person, regarding a ballot measure, to request a recount under the following circumstances: For candidates and ballot questions that originally filed with the secretary of state, the deadline for the request is no later than seven days after the certification of the election.

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